Eye injuries come in many shapes and sizes, some more serious than others. Some might require emergency action and immediate care by an eye doctor, while others can be taken care of at home. Read these guidelines for typical eye injuries, to determine your next move following an accident. Don't forget that general safety protections including using protective goggles may be the best way to keep your eyes safe.
A corneal abrasion (scratched eye) is not something to take lightly. It can lead to serious damage in a short amount of time and possibly result in vision loss. Abrasions are often caused by a poke in the eye, or scratching the eye when there is sand in it. Since a scratch can make your eye susceptible to bacterial infection it's very important that you see your eye care practitioner or an urgent care office. The best care for a corneal abrasion is to cover it loosely and to visit your optometrist as quickly as possible to make sure it is isn't infected. Rubbing the eye will only cause greater damage and entirely covering the eye provides the perfect environment for bacteria.
It's important to have a plan for what steps to take if you've been splashed in the eye by a chemical. First, you should flush out your eye by placing your head under a strong stream of lukewarm water for approximately 15 minutes. Next contact your eye doctor or an emergency room to find out what they suggest for such injuries. Be certain to tell the practitioner exactly which substance entered your eye and what you've done. If you're experiencing extreme blurriness, go immediately to your optometrist or an emergency room after flushing it with water. Exposure to chemicals in the eye can cause a range of degrees of damage, from minimal discomfort to serious harm and even blindness.
Though no one ever wants to think about a serious eye injury, it's suggested to be prepared with what to do in potentially hazardous circumstances. By following these guidelines you can feel confident that you'll know how to handle most common eye problems. Of course, extra safety precautions can help you avoid these injuries altogether so consult with your eye doctor about preventative eye care options!