Did you know that diabetes is the primary causal agent of impaired vision in men and women between age twenty and seventy-four? In the past four years alone, over 4 million men and women in North America afflicted with diabetes were diagnosed with diabetes related blindness. Of this group, 70,000 were afflicted with acute diabetic retinopathy, which can lead to a serious loss of vision.
While not everyone is at risk of diabetes related vision loss, it is important to know the relationship between the disease and vision loss.
To start, adults diagnosed with diabetes are at risk. Anyone in this category should ensure that they have an eye exam yearly. The longer the disease remains unmonitored, the stronger the danger of diabetes caused blindness. Speedy treatment is vital in terms of preventing further damage.
Women who are pregnant that have been found to have diabetes have a higher likelihood of contracting diabetic retinopathy. It is advisable to undergo a comprehensive dilated eye examination after diagnosis as well.
You may ask yourself why all the worry? Wouldn't it be obvious if there was sight deterioration?
The answer surprisingly is, not necessarily. There are different forms of diabetic retinopathy, and only those which are in the severe stages are obvious. Progressive diabetes may have no symptoms. Macular edema is another diabetes-caused condition which results in extreme vision loss. It may also manifest without any obvious signs. This is a reason that early recognition is crucial to saving yourself from permanent deterioration.
A comprehensive test will detect signs of diabetic retinopathy. There are individual stages to this exam which will reveal the typical signs, such as a swelling of the retina, the existence of fatty deposits on the retina, leaky blood vessels, and damaged nerve tissue. What is entailed in a complete vision exam?
Firstly, you will get a visual acuity exam by means of an eye chart that is used to check how accurately you see at different distances. This is similar to the visual acuity tests given by optometrists, should you require glasses.
While giving a dilated eye exam, the optometrist puts drops in your eyes to enlarge your pupils. Though not a favorite of most people, it can save you blindness in 10-15 years. This practice makes it feasible to monitor a larger part of the inside of your eyes to identify for distinct clues that show the likelihood of diabetic retinopathy. The cursory discomfort could save your ability to see.
When it comes to your health, even a little laziness can cause irreparable loss. If you are diabetic, it is necessary to plan a vision exam with an eye doctor as soon as possible.